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Factors affecting the selection of limit switches

Basic principles of limit switches

A limit switch is an electrical switch used to detect the position or travel of an object. When the object moves to a predetermined position, the limit switch is triggered, switching its internal circuit, thereby achieving control and feedback of the mechanical position. A limit switch usually consists of an actuator, contacts, and a housing.


The actuator is the sensing component of the limit switch, which triggers the switch through mechanical action. Common actuator types include roller rods, plungers, rocker arms, and spring arms. The choice of actuator depends on the specific application scenario and detection requirements.


The contacts are the core components of the limit switch, which change the state of the circuit through the mechanical action of the actuator. The contacts of the limit switch are usually of two types: normally open (NO) and normally closed (NC). In the normally open state, the circuit is in the open state; in the normally closed state, the circuit is in the closed state. When the actuator triggers the limit switch, the contact state changes, thereby achieving control of the circuit.


The housing is used to protect the internal components of the limit switch from dust, moisture, and other external factors. The material and design of the housing should be selected according to the needs of the use environment to ensure the reliability and durability of the limit switch. Limit switches are widely used in industrial automation, machine tools, conveyor systems, access control systems and other fields.

Through limit switches, precise control and safety protection of mechanical equipment can be achieved, improving production efficiency and equipment safety.

Advantages and disadvantages of using limit switches


  1. Precise positioning: The limit switch can accurately detect and locate at the predetermined position of the mechanical equipment, thereby achieving precise control of the movement of the equipment.
  2. Simple structure: The design and structure of the limit switch are relatively simple, easy to install and maintain, and low cost.
  3. High reliability: Since the limit switch adopts a mechanical contact triggering method, it has high reliability and is suitable for various industrial environments.
  4. Diversity: There are many types and specifications of limit switches. You can choose the appropriate model according to different application requirements, and it has strong adaptability.
  5. Strong durability: A good quality limit switch can also maintain good performance in harsh environments, such as dustproof, waterproof, shockproof, etc.
  6. Plug and play: The limit switch is usually designed to be plug-and-play. After installation, it can be put into use without complicated settings, and it is easy to operate.


  1. Mechanical wear: Since the limit switch adopts a mechanical contact method, it may wear out after long-term use and needs to be replaced or maintained regularly.
  2. Limited contact life: Mechanical contacts may have poor contact or damage after multiple operations, affecting their service life.
  3. Environmental restrictions: Although limit switches have a certain level of protection, their performance may be affected in extreme environments (such as high temperature, high humidity, and highly corrosive environments).
  4. Response speed: Compared with non-contact sensors (such as proximity switches and photoelectric switches), limit switches have a slower response speed and may not be suitable for high-speed detection occasions.
  5. Risk of misoperation: In some complex mechanical systems, limit switches may cause misoperation due to vibration or false triggering, requiring additional protective measures.
  6. Installation restrictions: Limit switches need to be installed in specific locations of mechanical equipment and need to be in contact with the object being detected, which may be limited by the installation space and location.

What factors affect the price of limit switches

The price of a limit switch is affected by several factors, including brand, model, specifications, and functions. Understanding these factors can help consumers make more informed decisions when purchasing.


Brand is one of the important factors that affect the price of a limit switch. Well-known brands usually have high market recognition and credibility, and their products are often more guaranteed in terms of quality, performance, and after-sales service. Therefore, the price of limit switches from well-known brands is usually higher. However, when choosing a brand, you also need to consider the cost-effectiveness to ensure that the selected product can meet actual needs.


The model of a limit switch also affects its price. Different models of limit switches are designed with different application scenarios and functional characteristics. High-end models usually have more complex functions, higher precision, and stronger durability, so the price is relatively high. Consumers should choose the right model according to specific application requirements to avoid overinvestment or insufficient functions.


Specifications refer to parameters such as the physical size, rated current, voltage, and environmental adaptability of the limit switch. Different specifications will also result in different prices. For example, limit switches with higher current and voltage ratings are usually more expensive because they can operate under more severe working conditions. In addition, the higher the protection level (such as IP level) of the limit switch, the higher the price will be, because it has better dustproof, waterproof and shockproof performance.


The functions of the limit switch are diverse, covering basic switch functions, intelligent detection functions, signal feedback functions, etc. The more functions and the more advanced the technology of the limit switch, the higher the price is usually. For example, the limit switch with advanced functions such as remote monitoring, automatic reset, anti-interference, etc. is significantly more expensive than ordinary models. When choosing a limit switch, consumers should weigh the function and cost according to the actual application needs to avoid unnecessary waste.

How to choose limit switches

There are several factors to consider when purchasing a limit switch to ensure that the product you choose can meet the specific application requirements and perform well during use. Here are a few key aspects to pay attention to when purchasing a limit switch.

Determine the application requirements

First, clarify the specific application scenarios and functional requirements of the limit switch. For example, understand the object that needs to be detected, the operating environment, the trigger accuracy, etc. This will help narrow the selection range and find the most suitable limit switch.

Choose the right actuator type

Limit switches have various actuator types, including roller rods, plungers, rocker arms, spring arms, etc. Different actuators are suitable for different application scenarios. For example, roller rods are suitable for occasions that require continuous contact, while plungers are suitable for applications that require precise positioning. Choosing the right actuator type according to specific needs can improve the use of limit switches.

Consider electrical parameters

The electrical parameters of the limit switch include rated current, rated voltage, and contact resistance. These parameters determine the working performance of the limit switch in the circuit. Make sure that the electrical parameters of the selected limit switch match the system requirements to avoid performance problems or safety hazards caused by parameter mismatches.

Focus on environmental adaptability

The use environment of limit switches may include complex conditions such as high temperature, low temperature, humidity, and dust. Choosing limit switches with corresponding protection levels (such as IP levels) can ensure that they work properly in harsh environments. For example, limit switches used outdoors should have high waterproof and dustproof properties.

Evaluate functional requirements

In addition to the basic switching functions, modern limit switches also have many additional functions, such as remote monitoring, signal feedback, and automatic reset. Choosing limit switches with suitable functions according to actual needs can not only improve system performance but also save costs. Avoid purchasing products with too many functions but are not actually used to avoid waste.

Brand and after-sales service

Choosing limit switches from well-known brands can obtain better quality assurance and after-sales service support. Well-known brands usually have strict quality control and a complete after-sales service system, which can provide timely technical support and maintenance services during the use of the product. Evaluating the brand’s reputation and after-sales service can add a layer of protection to the purchase process.

Price and cost-effectiveness

After determining the above factors, compare the prices of different brands and models and choose the limit switch with the best cost-effectiveness. While price is an important factor, it should not be the only consideration. A quality limit switch can add greater value to a system in terms of life and performance, thereby reducing long-term maintenance and replacement costs.


1. What is a limit switch?

A limit switch is an electrical switch used to detect mechanical movement and position. When the detected object reaches a preset position, the limit switch is triggered and the circuit state is switched, thereby achieving control or protection functions.

2. What are the common types of limit switches?

Common types of limit switches include roller lever type, plunger type, rocker lever type, and spring arm type. Different types of limit switches are suitable for different application scenarios, and the selection should be determined according to specific needs.

3. How many types of limit switch contacts are there?

There are two main types of limit switch contacts: normally open contact (NO) and normally closed contact (NC). Normally open contacts are disconnected when the switch is not triggered and closed after triggering; normally closed contacts are closed when the switch is not triggered and disconnected after triggering.

4. How to choose the protection level of the limit switch?

The protection level of the limit switch (such as IP level) depends on its use environment. For outdoor or humid environments, limit switches with high waterproof and dustproof levels should be selected; for dry and clean indoor environments, limit switches with general protection levels can be selected.

5. How to determine the installation position of the limit switch?

The installation position of the limit switch should be determined according to the motion trajectory and triggering requirements of the detected object. Ensure that the limit switch can be accurately triggered while avoiding damage caused by mechanical shock or misoperation.

6. Can limit switches be used in harsh environments?

Yes, provided that limit switches with appropriate protection levels are selected. For example, limit switches used in high temperature, low temperature, humid or dusty environments should have corresponding protection performance to ensure their reliability and durability.

7. How to choose a suitable limit switch?

When purchasing a limit switch, you should consider application requirements, actuator type, electrical parameters, environmental adaptability, functional requirements, brand and after-sales service, and choose the most cost-effective product.

8. What is the difference between a limit switch and a proximity switch?

Limit switches typically detect object position through mechanical contact, while proximity switches detect objects through induction (such as electromagnetic, optical, or ultrasonic). Proximity switches have no mechanical contacts, so they have higher reliability and life in certain applications.

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