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A Practical Guide to Door Limit Switches

What is a Door Limit Switch

Door Limit Switch, also known as door limit switch, is an electrical switch device used to detect the door position. When the door opens or closes to a predetermined position, the limit switch triggers the circuit action, thereby realizing the monitoring and control of the door status. It is usually used in automatic doors, industrial equipment doors, security doors and other occasions to ensure that the equipment can be started or stopped correctly when the door is in a specific position. Through accurate position detection, Door Limit Switch can improve the safety and operating efficiency of the equipment and is an indispensable component in the field of industrial automation.

How it works

The working principle of the Door Limit Switch is based on the conversion of mechanical action into electrical signals. When the door moves to the predetermined position, the trigger device on the door (such as a cam or rod) pushes the actuator of the limit switch (such as a button, roller or lever). This causes the internal electrical contacts to open and close, thereby changing the circuit state.

The specific working steps are as follows:

  1. Door movement: When the door opens or closes, the trigger device moves with it.
  2. Triggering the limit switch: The trigger device contacts the actuator of the limit switch, causing it to move mechanically.
  3. Contact action: The movement of the actuator causes the internal contacts to open and close, changing the circuit connection state.
  4. Signal transmission: The electrical signal generated by the contact action is transmitted to the control system, which performs corresponding operations based on it, such as stopping the motor or triggering an alarm.

Components of a Door Limit Switch

The components of the Door Limit Switch mainly include the following parts:

  1. Actuator: This is the part that is in direct contact with the door. When the door moves to the predetermined position, the actuator is triggered. Common actuators include buttons, rollers, levers, etc.
  2. Casing: The casing is used to protect the internal components and prevent dust, moisture and other external factors from affecting the switch. The casing is usually made of strong and durable materials to ensure the long-term reliability of the device.
  3. Internal contacts: This is the core part of the limit switch. When the actuator is triggered, the internal contacts open and close, thereby changing the circuit state. The contacts are usually made of highly conductive and durable materials to ensure the accuracy of signal transmission and the life of the switch.
  4. Spring mechanism: In many limit switches, a spring mechanism is used to restore the actuator to the initial position. This ensures that the switch can return to the ready state after each operation.
  5. Terminals: The terminals are used to connect the limit switch to the circuit of the control system. Through these terminals, the electrical signal can be smoothly transmitted to the control system to realize the monitoring and control of the door position.
  6. Mounting bracket or fixture: It is used to fix the limit switch to the door frame or related position to ensure that the switch can accurately detect the position of the door.

Types of Door Limit Switches

There are many types of Door Limit Switch, which are mainly classified according to their appearance, operation mode and application scenarios. Here are some common types:

  1. Roller Lever Limit Switch: This type of limit switch has a roller lever and is usually used to detect lateral movement of the door. When the door moves to a certain position, the roller lever is pushed, triggering the switch action. Suitable for sliding doors and revolving doors in industrial environments.
  2. Push Button Limit Switch: Push button limit switches trigger internal contacts to move by pressing a button. The button can be a flexible button or a rigid button, which is suitable for occasions with limited space, such as cabinet doors or small equipment doors.
  3. Long Lever Limit Switch: This type of limit switch has a long lever and is used to detect a larger range of door movement. When the door contacts the lever, the lever is pushed, triggering the switch action. Suitable for detection of larger door panels or equipment doors.
  4. Rotary Cam Limit Switch: The switch is triggered by the rotational movement of the door. The cam on the door contacts the rotating part of the limit switch, causing it to move. This type of switch is often used in complex industrial equipment and can detect the precise position of the door.
  5. Magnetic limit switch: A limit switch that uses magnetic force to trigger. When the door moves to a predetermined position, the magnet on the door triggers the magnetic sensor inside the switch, changing the circuit state. This type of switch is usually used in situations where contactless detection is required, and has the advantages of being waterproof and dustproof.
  6. Photoelectric limit switch: Based on the principle of photoelectric sensing, when the door moves to a specific position, it blocks or reflects the light beam, thereby triggering the switch action. This type of switch is suitable for environments where there is no need for mechanical contact, such as clean rooms or high-precision equipment.

Benefits and Applications


  1. Precise positioning: Door Limit Switch can accurately detect the position of the door, ensuring that the equipment starts or stops at the right time, improving operational accuracy and safety.
  2. High reliability: It adopts sturdy materials and design, has a long service life, can operate stably in harsh environments, and reduces maintenance requirements.
  3. Easy installation: Limit switches are usually designed to be easy to install and debug, saving installation time and cost.
  4. Diverse choices: According to different application requirements, limit switches are available in a variety of types and specifications to adapt to various scenarios and equipment.
  5. Strong durability: It has dustproof, waterproof, shockproof and other characteristics, suitable for various industrial environments, ensuring long-term and stable operation of equipment.
  6. High safety: By detecting the position of the door, it can prevent the door from being misoperated, protect the safety of equipment and personnel, especially in automation equipment.

Application scenarios

  1. Automatic door system: In shopping malls, hospitals, office buildings and other places, Door Limit Switch is used to detect the switch status of automatic doors to ensure that the doors are opened and closed in the correct position.
  2. Industrial equipment: used in various industrial machinery and equipment to detect the opening and closing status of equipment doors, prevent misoperation, and improve the safety and reliability of equipment operation.
  3. Elevator system: In the elevator door control system, the limit switch is used to detect the opening and closing status of the door to ensure that the elevator starts running only after the door is completely closed to ensure passenger safety.
  4. Warehouse management: In the warehouse automation management system, the limit switch is used to detect the opening and closing status of the warehouse door, control the opening and closing of the warehouse door, and improve management efficiency.
  5. Security door control: In areas requiring high security, such as laboratories and computer rooms, limit switches are used to monitor the opening and closing status of security doors to prevent unauthorized entry.
  6. Transportation: On trains, subways and other means of transportation, limit switches are used to detect the opening and closing status of car doors to ensure the safety of passengers getting on and off the vehicle.
  7. Home security: In home anti-theft systems, limit switches are used to monitor the opening and closing status of doors and windows, connect alarm systems, and improve home security.

How to Choose a Door Limit Switch

Choosing the right Door Limit Switch requires considering several factors to ensure it meets the needs of a specific application. Here are some key selection criteria:

Selection criteria

Application environment:

  • Industrial environment: Choose a dustproof, waterproof, and shockproof limit switch to cope with harsh operating conditions.
  • Indoor environment: If used in a relatively clean indoor environment, you can choose a normal limit switch.

Operation method:

  • Mechanical trigger: Choose a suitable actuator, such as a button, roller, lever, etc.
  • Contactless trigger: Choose a magnetic or photoelectric limit switch to avoid mechanical wear and poor contact.

Mounting method:

  • Consider the installation position and fixing method of the limit switch, and choose a suitable mounting bracket or fixture to ensure stable installation and easy adjustment.

Electrical parameters:

  • Voltage and current: Make sure the rated voltage and current of the limit switch match the operating parameters of the equipment to avoid electrical overload.
  • Contact type: Choose normally open (NO) or normally closed (NC) contacts according to the control system requirements.

Size and shape:

  • Make sure the size and shape of the limit switch are suitable for the installation space of the equipment and do not affect the normal operation of the equipment.


  • Choose limit switches that use high-quality materials and designs to ensure their reliability and durability over long periods of use.

Response time:

  • For applications that require fast response, choose limit switches with short response times to improve the system’s response speed and accuracy.


  • On the premise of meeting the above technical requirements, consider the cost of the limit switch and choose a product with high cost performance.

Selection suggestions

  1. Understand the equipment requirements: Understand the operating environment, installation location and electrical parameter requirements of the equipment in detail to select the appropriate type of limit switch.
  2. Check product specifications: Check the specifications of limit switches of different brands and models, compare their performance, advantages and disadvantages, and choose the most suitable product.
  3. Test and verify: Test the selected limit switch in actual applications to ensure that it can work stably and accurately.
  4. Consult professional advice: If necessary, you can consult professionals or suppliers for more selection suggestions and technical support.

Installation Steps

The installation of Door Limit Switch needs to be carried out in the correct steps to ensure its normal function and safety. The following are the detailed installation steps:

Installation steps


  • Tool preparation: Prepare the tools required for installation, such as screwdrivers, wrenches, drilling machines, etc.
  • Safety protection: Make sure to disconnect the power supply of the equipment during installation and wear appropriate protective equipment.

Determine the installation location:

  • Determine the installation location of the limit switch according to the operation requirements of the equipment. Generally, it is selected on the movement path of the door to ensure that the door can trigger the limit switch when it reaches the predetermined position.
  • Check whether there is enough space at the installation location to avoid affecting the normal movement of the door after installation.

Install the bracket or base:

  • If the limit switch needs to be installed on a bracket or base, first fix the bracket or base in the predetermined position. Use screws or other fixings to ensure that it is firm and stable.

Fix the limit switch:

  • Fix the limit switch on the bracket or base. Make sure that the actuator of the limit switch (such as buttons, rollers, levers, etc.) can be accurately triggered by the door.
  • Adjust the position of the limit switch so that it can be accurately triggered when the door reaches the predetermined position.

Electrical connection:

  • Connect the terminal of the limit switch to the control system according to the electrical requirements of the equipment. Generally speaking, the limit switch has two contacts, normally open (NO) and normally closed (NC). Select the corresponding connection method according to actual needs.
  • When using cable connection, make sure the cable is firmly fixed to avoid loosening or damage.

Adjustment and testing:

  • Manually operate the door to observe whether the limit switch can be accurately triggered. If necessary, adjust the position of the limit switch or the angle of the actuator to ensure its sensitivity and accuracy.
  • Connect the power supply of the equipment and perform multiple tests to ensure that the limit switch can work properly under different conditions.

Fixing and protection:

  • After confirming that the limit switch and cable are firmly fixed, you can use a protective cover or other protective measures to prevent dust, moisture or other external factors from affecting the limit switch.
  • Check all fixings and connectors to ensure that the installation is firm and reliable.

Recording and marking:

  • After completing the installation, record the model, installation location and electrical connection method of the limit switch to facilitate future maintenance and repair.
  • Mark the limit switch to indicate its function and trigger position for easy identification and use by operators.

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